Frequently Asked Questions
We use 8 strands of high tinsel electric fence. The electricity we put on it of 10,000 volts helps remind the bison to stay at home.
The taste is very similar to beef, with a slight sweeter taste.
We have approximately 360 head of bison on the farm.
Our breeding stock and main herd is grass fed off of our farm land that consists of many different types of grasses. Our feedlot animals are fed hay off of our farm as well as briefly finished off with an all natural grain to help marble the meat.
Yes indeed! Bison is a lean meat, that is high in protein, high in iron, has a good source of omega 3 and other vitamins.
Bison can be cooked like most other meats. It takes less time to cook, because it is such a lean meat. In fact, it cooks 33% quicker than regular beef.
Bison once roamed from Canada to Mexico, grazing on the Great Plains and mountainous areas of North America. It is estimated that there were 60 million bison in the 1700′s. It is said that the “plains were black and appeared as if in motion” with the great herds of bison. In the 1600′s fur traders began killing bison and shipping their hides to Europe. By the early 1800′s, the fur trade caused approximately 200,000 bison to be killed annually on the plains. Most of the slaughter occurred between 1830 and 1860. By the early 1880′s there were only a few free-ranging bison. By 1893, estimates were approximately 300 bison left of the herds that once numbered more than 160 million. A 1929 inventory of bison counted 3,385 animals, and currently that number is approximately 450,000 animals in public and private herds in the United States.
Buffalo or Bison?
The American buffalo is not a true buffalo. Its closest relative is the European Bison or Wisent and the Canadian Woods Bison, not the buffalo of Asia or Africa, such as the Cape Buffalo or Water Buffalo. Scientifically, the American Buffalo is named Bison and belongs to Bovidae family of mammals, as do domestic cattle. Because our history has so ingrained us with the name “Buffalo,” we still use it, although “Bison” is the true term to use.
The best description of a bison’s temperament is ‘unpredictable.’ They often appear peaceful, unconcerned, or lazy, but can attack without warning when provoked. They can out run, out turn, out jump and traverse rougher terrain than all but the fleetest horse. They can move at speeds of up to thirty-five miles per hour and cover long distances at a lumbering gallop. Their most obvious weapon is their horns. But their head, with its massive skull, can be used as a battering ram, effectively using the momentum produced by two thousand pounds moving at thirty miles per hour. Their legs can also be used to kill or maim with devastating effect.
Nestled in the rolling hills of Southern Illinois, Bison Bluff Farm is located in Cobden, Illinois.
We’re a family owned and operated farm which started as a hobby and grew into a full time labor of love.
Find out for yourself why we’ve been the bison experts since 1997.
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